Jay Haley suggests that their are 4 elements to all communication:
He summarises this as the following:
2. am saying something,
3. to you,
4. in this situation."
The only area I have problem with is defining context. When examining
Bateson's necessary ingredients for a schizogenic double bind situation he
says that two or more persons are needed. I think it is a far higher number
of persons required, but only two need to be actually present in the
situation as occuring at the time of the double bind.
For example, if "I [as a nurse], say something to you (a patient) in this
situation (a psyche ward)" - there may be only two of us directly involved
or even present in that communication, but there are a heck of a lot more
people in the background to enable us to be respectively designated "nurse" and "patient" - otherwise the context just wouldn`t be stable enough for our respective identities to themselves remain stable (and vice verse and round and round she goes...)